AIDS stands for Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome.
AIDS is a chronic, life-threatening condition caused by the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV). It is the condition diagnosed when there are a group of related symptoms that are caused by severe HIV infection and their immune system is too weak to fight off infections.
This condition has big spectrum. One may not have any complaint or to other extreme may have large number of ailments. By damaging your immune system, HIV interferes with your body’s ability to fight off viruses, bacteria and fungi that cause disease. HIV makes you more susceptible to certain types of cancers and to infections your body would normally resist, such as pneumonia and meningitis.
HIV is a sexually transmitted infection. It can also spread by transfusion of infected blood, sharing needles as done by drug addicts or from mother to child during pregnancy, childbirth or breast-feeding.
HIV is present worldwide. Though it has been controlled in western nations, it continue to rage in Africa and Asia. There is no cure but good treatment is available to manage ailment and live a healthy life.