Conventional / Allopathic Treatment of HIV AIDS
Allopathic medicine has been proven scientifically to help a person in the AIDS phase of the illness to keep the HIV infection under control. The allopathic treatment has to be taken under the close supervision of an allopathic doctor.
Anti-HIV drugs include:
- Entry or fusion inhibitors – enfuvirtide (Fuzeon) maraviroc (Selzentry).
- Integrase inhibitors – Raltegravir (Isentress)
- Non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) – efavirenz (Sustiva), etravirine (Intelence) nevirapine (Viramune).
- Nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors (NRTIs) – Abacavir (Ziagen), emtricitabine and tenofovir (Truvada), lamivudine and zidovudine (Combivir).
- Protease inhibitors (PIs). atazanavir (Reyataz), darunavir (Prezista), fosamprenavir (Lexiva) ritonavir (Norvir).
Taking two or more antiretroviral drugs at a time is called combination therapy. Taking a combination of three or more anti-HIV drugs is sometimes referred to as Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART).
Surgical Treatment of HIV AIDS
Patients infected with the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) may require surgery to treat infections and diseases associated with the condition. With the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), a combination of anti-HIV drugs, HIV patients are able to live longer lives. As a result, it is possible for HIV patients to require surgical interventions for long-term conditions. Choosing a surgical approach rather than drug therapy is guided by the urgency to reduce the size and extent of the lesion.